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Virginia Tech News / Articles / 2014 / 05 

Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute sets a new pace in heart research

May 20, 2014

An image of a human heart on a black background
The human heart beats an average of 100,000 times a day and about 35 million times a year.

The Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute, well known for its innovative, world-class brain research, is launching a major new initiative in cardiovascular research.

Michael Friedlander, the institute’s executive director, recently announced that two new researchers, John Chappell and James Smyth, will join the institute’s Center for Heart and Regenerative Medicine Research on July 1. Along with the center’s director, Robert Gourdie, and a current research group leader, Steven Poelzing, the scientists will spearhead individual, yet linked, cardiovascular research projects.

“Heart disease is the nation’s number one killer,” Friedlander said. “With the assembly of four leading cardiovascular research groups, each under the direction of an outstanding leader and each working on some of the most pressing issues in cardiac health, disease, and repair, we are poised to add to the institute’s successes in brain and behavioral research with new advances in heart health.”

Each of the four cardiovascular research team leaders brings additional researchers, technicians, and students with them, and they will further expand their teams. Together, the teams already have more than $1.25 million per year in awarded extramural research funding and another $1.8 million a year in pending grants, primarily from the National Institutes of Health. 

This funding is in addition to the more than $5 million the institute has provided to start the research programs and equip the laboratories with state-of-the-art high-resolution optical imaging, molecular biology, cell purification, and cardiac electrical monitoring technologies.

“The four team leaders, along with their postdoctoral fellows and graduate students, will use some of the most advanced approaches to understanding heart development, function, damage, and repair,” Friedlander said. “They’ll also be embedded in the institute’s rich interactive culture of technical innovation and intellectual creativity. The result will be an accelerated pace of discovery for better heart health not only in Roanoke, but also throughout the commonwealth and the country.”

Gourdie, a professor at the research institute, joined Virginia Tech from the Medical University of South Carolina in 2012. Prior to that, he received his doctorate in his home country of New Zealand at Canterbury University, followed by postdoctoral training at University College London. 

With funding from the National Institutes of Health, Gourdie leads research into the repair and regeneration of diseased and injured tissues, including the heart. In addition, he has helped develop a company that is innovating in new treatments in patients for tissue injury and repair. Gourdie, a recipient of the Commonwealth Eminent Scholar Award in Heart and Regenerative Medicine, is also a professor in the Virginia Tech-Wake Forest University School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences.

Poelzing, an associate professor at the research institute, joined Virginia Tech in 2012 from the Heart Research Institute at the University of Utah School of Medicine in 2012. He received his doctorate from Case Western Reserve University, followed by postdoctoral training at MetroHealth in Cleveland. 

Poelzing’s research program, also funded by the National Institutes of Health, investigates the mechanisms of arrhythmias – abnormal patterns of electrical activity in the heart – that can cause loss of coordinated blood pumping capability and even lead to sudden cardiac death. In addition to his role at the institute, Poelzing is an associate professor at the Virginia Tech-Wake Forest University School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences.

Chappell will be joining Virginia Tech from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he undertook his postdoctoral training. He completed his doctorate at the University of Virginia. Chappell’s research program, also funded by the National Institutes of Health, focuses on angiogenesis – the growth and regrowth of new blood vessels – in the injured heart, restoring circulation after blockage, and damage to the heart muscle. His research is also funded by the National Institutes of Health. 

Chappell will be an assistant professor at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute as well as an assistant professor at the Virginia Tech-Wake Forest University School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences.

Smyth, an assistant professor at the research institute, is moving to Virginia Tech from Cedars Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles. Prior to that, he received his doctorate from University College Dublin in his home country of Ireland, followed by postdoctoral training at the University of California, San Francisco. 

He will lead his laboratory’s research program on heart failure and the development of effective anti-arrhythmic treatments. Smyth is also an assistant professor of biology in Virginia Tech’s College of Science.

Each of the four cardiac research team leaders has already received major national and international recognition, including awards from the American Heart Association, the Heart Rhythm Society, the British Heart Foundation, and the Ellison Medical Foundation.

“We are extremely fortunate to have been able to attract heart researchers of the caliber of Drs. Gourdie, Poelzing, Chappell, and Smyth to the research institute and to Roanoke,” said Friedlander. “Their international recognition brings immediate credibility to our cardiovascular research programs.”

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